Prevention & Preparedness
Following the emergency events of 2002-2003 several monitoring networks have been installed on the volcano, and particularly against the risk of tsunamis the following instruments were installed:
For the monitoring of the Sciara del Fuoco surfacing slope and potential landslide phenomena capable of triggering tsunami waves, an interferometer synthetic aperture radar (SAR) was installed , a widely experimented system for monitoring landslides, placed on a volcano for the first time.
SAR allows to collect information on the state of deformation of the volcanic edifice, both in day light and at night, also under adverse conditions, as those typical of volcanic environments (ashes, dust, gas clouds).
The system captures an image of the radiated area every 12 minutes, and connected partly in wireless and partly in optic fiber transmits the acquired data, roughly 120 images daily, to the Advanced Operational Centre (COA) of Stromboli and to the Central Functional Center for Volcanic Risk of Rome
This instrument can also be used to monitor environment and marine parameters (conductivity dissolved oxygen, ph, turbidity, etc.).
The system has been researched to work in complete autonomy with a data transmission in real time through radio waves to the Advanced Operational Center of Stromboli.
In order to monitor the stability of the Sciara del Fuoco submerged slope an elastic beacon instrumented with a wavemeter and hydroacustic monitoring system off the Stromboli Island shore.
The beac on is a wavemeter buoy anchored at 200 m from the coast on a 43 m deep bed by a dead body weighing approximately 10 tons, connected with the structure by a steel cable.
COA - Centro Operativo Avanzato
During the emergency of 2002-2003, the Department of Civil Protection implemented a permanent COA-Advanced Operational Center in Stromboli located in the higher part of the town of Stromboli , behind the Church of San Vincenzo.
COA is a Civil Protection integrated structure which in case of emergency is ready to welcome DPC staff from the various operational structures and scientific community. Although the presence of staff is planned according to actual need, the structure is operational on a permanent basis on the Island, in constant contact with the Department of Civil Protection and is ready to make decisions in real time in the field of volcanic risk mitigation. The COA collects all the signals and data coming from the monitoring instruments coordinated by the Civil protection as well as the INGV (National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology) monitoring network and other research institutions.
Early Warning System
A system of sirens to alert the population has been activated on the coastal area and appropriate signs have been installed indicating to the population and to the tourists the evacuation routes to the safe areas in case of emergency.
Pier in Ginostra
In the village of Ginostra, in order to ensure a safe and quick evacuation of the population in case of emergency, a pier was built to serve as docking port connecting to the other islands and to the main land.
Radio communication network
Following the 2002 emergency a synchronous radio network was activated to guarantee full coverage of the archipelago and of the Thyrrhenian side of the coasts of Messina and the regions of Calabria, Lucania and Campania including the Policastro Gulf coastal area and with SSI (the Italian Situation Room) and the Central Operational Headquarters of the Department of Civil Protection in Rome in order to coordinate the potential emergencies in that area.